Skip to content

What is an HO-3 Insurance Policy?


Owning a home is often equated with a feeling of stability and security, but that doesn’t mean it's without risk. In the face of natural disasters, accidents, or unforeseen events, having the right homeowners insurance coverage is key. 

Among the various types of home insurance policies in the market, the HO-3 insurance policy is one of the most commonly available options. In this article, we'll discuss the components and benefits of an HO-3 insurance policy, and how to choose the right one to fit your needs.

At a glance:

  • An HO3 policy is a form of homeowner's insurance that provides open-perils coverage for your house and other buildings on the property, while your personal belongings are protected under a named-perils basis.
  • HO-3 insurance is popular due to its comprehensive coverage, flexibility, availability and affordability.
  • Choosing the right HO-3 policy involves assessing factors like cost, coverage options, and the reputation of the insurance company.

Components of HO-3 policies

An HO-3 insurance policy consists of several components that work together to provide comprehensive home insurance coverage. The three main components of an HO-3 policy are dwelling coverage, personal property coverage, and personal liability coverage.

Dwelling coverage 

Dwelling coverage is the cornerstone of any homeowners insurance policy, protecting the physical structure of the home, including walls, roof, floors, and attached structures (e.g., a garage or deck). In the event of damage or loss due to a covered peril (such as fire, windstorms, or theft) dwelling coverage helps repair or rebuild your home to its pre-loss condition. 

Personal property coverage 

If your personal belongings are damaged or destroyed by a covered peril, personal property coverage helps replace or repair them. Whether it's repairing your furniture after a fire or replacing your electronics after a break-in, personal property coverage ensures you're not financially on the hook for unexpected losses.

Liability coverage 

Liability coverage protects you financially if someone is injured on your property, or if you accidentally damage someone else's property. It covers legal fees, medical expenses, and settlements or judgments up to the policy's limits. Whether it's a slip-and-fall accident on your driveway or accidental damage caused by a pet, personal liability coverage offers peace of mind and financial security.

Open perils vs named perils

Distinguishing between open perils coverage and named perils coverage helps homeowners understand the full extent of their insurance coverage and prepare for potential risks and losses effectively. 

Open perils

An HO-3 policy typically provides open perils coverage for your dwelling. Open perils coverage extends protection against any perils unless they are explicitly excluded in your insurance policy. Common examples of events covered under open perils include fire, lightning, vandalism, theft, and damage from aircraft or vehicles.

Named perils

Named perils coverage outlines specific risks or perils that are covered by the insurance policy. This means that only the perils explicitly listed in the policy are covered, and any other events or hazards are excluded from coverage. Common named perils include fire, windstorm, hail, theft, vandalism, and certain types of water damage. While named perils coverage offers protection against specific risks like fire, windstorm, and theft, it may not cover all potential perils, leaving homeowners vulnerable to.

What is not included in an HO-3 policy

While an HO-3 insurance policy provides broad coverage, it typically excludes certain risks or perils. Exclusions commonly found in HO-3 policies may include:

  • Earth movements, including earthquakes and other seismic activity, landslides, and sinkholes

  • Flooding, including tidal waves, river overflow and flash floods

  • General wear and tear, or damage due to maintenance neglect

  • Business activities, including damage or liability from business conducted on the property

  • Losses arising from intentional acts resulting in damage or loss

  • Damage caused by nuclear hazards

  • Losses related to war or military action

In addition, high-value items may have limited coverage. This includes jewelry, art, or other objects whose value may exceed the personal property coverage limits of an HO-3 policy. Homeowners with these types of high-value items may want to add scheduled property coverage via an endorsement to their homeowners policy. 

A round table with 3 blue and 3 cream chairs sit around it next to a sliding glass door.

Benefits of HO-3 insurance

The average cost of homeowners insurance in the United States is $1,759 per year.1 However, the cost of HO-3 insurance can vary based on factors such as location, the value of the home, and the desired coverage limits. That’s why it’s important to understand the benefits associated with your home insurance policy; and to make sure you are getting the coverage you need. 


HO-3 policies are widely available and popular among homeowners, offering reliable protection and peace of mind for the majority of homeowners' insurance needs.


Despite their comprehensive coverage, HO-3 policies are often one of the more affordable types of homeowners insurance, making them an attractive option for budget-conscious homeowners. HO-3 insurance is cost effective, offering robust coverage at competitive rates. 


HO-3 policies typically offer comprehensive insurance coverage for the dwelling and personal belongings, providing homeowners with peace of mind. 


HO-3 policies can be tailored to fit the individual needs of homeowners by adjusting coverage levels and adding endorsements or riders

Comparing HO-3 policies

HO-3 policies account for over 78% of active homeowners insurance policies in the United States.2 Needless to say, there are a lot of available options for homeowners looking for home insurance coverage. And a lot of information to compare. 

It's important to dispel common misconceptions about HO-3 policies, such as the belief that they only cover the structure of the home and not personal belongings. In reality, HO-3 policies offer comprehensive coverage for both dwelling and personal property, making them a preferred choice for many homeowners. But that doesn’t mean they are all the same.

When comparing HO-3 policies, several key differences emerge. To effectively compare HO-3 policies, we recommend homeowners follow the seven steps outlined below.

1. Assess coverage needs

Determine your specific coverage needs for dwelling, personal property, and liability based on your home’s unique factors, such as the value of your house, personal belongings inventory, and any potential risks in your area (including weather, geography, and crime).

2. Review policy forms

Review the details of each HO-3 policy form offered by different insurance providers. Pay close attention to the coverage limits, exclusions, deductibles to determine whether or not the policy suits your financial situation. 

3. Compare coverage options

Evaluate the coverage options offered by each HO-3 policy, including available endorsements or riders for specific risks (or items). 

4. Consider cost

Compare premiums for each HO-3 policy, taking into account deductibles and any discounts offered by the insurance provider. It’s important to ensure that the cost of a policy aligns with your budget without compromising coverage.

5. Research providers

Research the reputation and financial stability of insurance providers. Read customer reviews and complaints to gauge the quality of service and claims handling.

6. Evaluate customer service

Consider the level of customer service offered by each insurance provider, including responsiveness and ease of communication.

7. Consult with an agent

Seek guidance from a knowledgeable insurance agent who can help you navigate the complexities of insurance and find the best policy to fit your needs.


Choosing the right HO-3 insurance policy

Choosing the right HO-3 policy requires careful consideration of many factors, including budget, coverage, and the reputation of the insurance provider. Understanding the components, coverage types, benefits, and comparisons with other policies can help homeowners make informed decisions when selecting the right coverage for their needs. Taking the time to compare different HO-3 policies and considering individual requirements ensures that homeowners select the right coverage to protect their property and personal belongings effectively.


* We provide this information to help you understand insurance. Any coverage is subject to the terms of your policy. Please refer to your policy and declaration page for complete coverage details.

1 Shannon Martin. “Average homeowners insurance cost in March 2024.” Bankrate. Published 1 March 2024. Accessed 12 March 2024. 

2 National Association of Insurance Commissioners. “Dwelling Fire, Homeowners Owner-Occupied, and Homeowners Tenant and Condominium/Cooperative Unit Owner’s Insurance Report: Data for 2021.” NAIC. Published December 2023. Accessed 5 March 2024. 

Alyssa Little headshot

About the Author

Alyssa Little | Senior Content Strategist

Alyssa is the Senior Content Strategist at Openly, collaborating with industry thought leaders to provide insightful and informative content in the home insurance space. With over 15 years experience in content marketing strategy, copywriting, and editing, Alyssa has refined her expertise through her work at such companies as Gartner, Nike, and Trupanion. Alyssa holds a BA in History from the University of Puget Sound and an MA in Museum Studies from Newcastle University.

Related Blogs