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Demystifying the Homeowners Insurance Underwriting Process


Purchasing a home is a significant investment that requires protection through regular upkeep and home insurance. But have you ever thought about how home insurance companies determine the terms and conditions of your insurance policy?

Underwriting is complex, with many factors affecting the options available to homeowners. In this article, we'll delve into the intricacies of the homeowners insurance underwriting process, shedding light on its importance, the steps involved, and the factors that influence it.

At a glance:

  • Homeowners insurance underwriting is a process performed by home insurance companies that assesses risk, calculates premiums, and establishes coverage terms.
  • The underwriting process involves reviewing data, checking loss history, and evaluating the home’s condition.
  • Factors influencing the underwriting process include, but are not limited to, the age of the home, location, construction style, and claims history.

What is insurance underwriting?

Insurance underwriting is a pivotal process within the home insurance industry that involves assessing the risks associated with providing coverage to homeowners. It helps insurers evaluate the risk of insuring a particular customer. Ultimately, underwriting ensures whether or not a risk is eligible for the coverage applied for.1  

The Homeowners insurance underwriting process

At its core, the homeowners insurance underwriting process seeks to strike a balance between assessing the risk and deciding whether to offer coverage (which will be offered if the premium is adequate for the particular risk). Understanding this process is important when shopping for homeowners insurance, so we’ve outlined the steps below. 

  1. Insurance companies begin by reviewing your personal and property information, including personal details, property specifics, and often your insurance score, which may include your credit score.

  2. Next, the underwriters examine the property’s loss history, considering past claims. If the insurance underwriter finds multiple claims, it may indicate a higher perceived risk, which can impact premiums.

  3. An evaluation is then conducted to assess the condition of your home, considering factors such as home age, construction style, and safety features.

  4. Once all the information has been reviewed, the insurance underwriter and the insurance company will determine overall risk, calculate premiums, and establish coverage terms.

Factors that affect the underwriting process

Insurance companies consider several factors when assessing homeowners insurance applications which can significantly impact the insurance risk associated with the property. That’s why having a good understanding of these factors can help you prepare and potentially improve your coverage terms.

Home age 

The age of your home plays a significant role in underwriting. Older homes with outdated electrical systems, plumbing, or structural components pose a higher risk of damage or loss. As a result, older homes may undergo more rigorous evaluations, which can lead to a home inspection as part of the evaluation.


Location can be a deciding factor for an insurer in determining whether or not to offer coverage. Properties situated in areas prone to natural disasters (like floods, earthquakes, or hurricanes) may have a higher premium due to the elevated risk of damage.

It is also important to note that most standard homeowners insurance policies do not include coverage for floods or earthquakes, so it is recommended to secure additional coverage from an insurance company for these perils if you live in a high-risk area. 

Claims history

Your claims history provides insights into your past interactions with insurance coverage. Frequent claims could result in higher premiums, as it may suggest a greater likelihood of future claims.

Attractive nuisances

If your property has features like a swimming pool, a treehouse, or other potentially hazardous features, it could affect your coverage terms. These “attractive nuisances” can increase the risk of accidents and injuries, which impacts your home’s risk assessment.3

Building a secure future with home insurance insights

In examining the homeowners insurance underwriting process, we've shed light on an important aspect of safeguarding one's home, emphasizing the pivotal role that underwriting plays in shaping the terms, conditions, and premiums of homeowners' insurance policies. Equipped with this knowledge, homeowners can navigate the insurance landscape with insight, enabling them to improve their coverage terms, enhance their financial security, and gain peace of mind. Knowledge isn’t just power; it’s a valuable tool every homeowner deserves. 

* We provide this information to help you understand insurance. Any coverage is subject to the terms of your policy. Please refer to your policy and declaration page for complete coverage details.

Caroline Blanton. “Underwriting: Definition and How the Various Types Work.” Investopedia. Published 6 May 2023. Accessed 8 September 2023. helps%20to%20set%20 fair,by%20 accurately%20 pricing%20investment%20 ris

 Fico. “Credit Scores vs. Insurance Scores.” Published 2023. Accessed 16 October 2023.

Christy Bieber. “What Is An Attractive Nuisance? Legal Definition & Examples.” Forbes. Published 17 May 2023. Accessed 8 September 2023.,all%20


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About the Author

Alyssa Little | Senior Content Strategist

Alyssa is the Senior Content Strategist at Openly, collaborating with industry thought leaders to provide insightful and informative content in the home insurance space. With over 15 years experience in content marketing strategy, copywriting, and editing, Alyssa has refined her expertise through her work at such companies as Gartner, Nike, and Trupanion. Alyssa holds a BA in History from the University of Puget Sound and an MA in Museum Studies from Newcastle University.

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